LIFE IN THE UK

A Guide for New Residents - 3rd Edition

LIFE IN THE UK -The Uk government, the law and your role – The UK and international institutions (22)

LIFE IN THE UK -The Uk government, the law and your role – The UK and international institutions (22)

Se vai aplicar para se tornar um cidadão Britânico ou se instalar permanentemente no Reino Unido, um dos processos que você vai ter que passar é pelo teste que avalia o seu conhecimento da vida e da cultura Britânica. Na nossa categoria LIFE IN THE UK você vai poder estudar os capítulos do livro onde você quiser usando o seu celular, tablet ou computador. Para seguir corretamente os post publicados basta checar no final de cada um deles a numeração, por exemplo: o primeiro post no final você verá (I), já para o segundo post você verá no final do título (II) e assim por diante. BOA SORTE e bom estudo!

The Commonwealth

The Commonwealth is an association of countries that support each other and work together towards shared goals in democracy and development. Most member states were once part of the British Empire, although a few countries which were not have also joined.

The Queen is the ceremonial head of the Commonwealth, which currently has 54 member states (see table below). Membership is voluntary. The Commonwealth has no power over its members, although it can suspend membership. The Commonwealth is based on the core values of democracy, good government and the rule of law.

The European Union

The European Union (EU), originally called the European Economic Community (EEC), was set up by six western European countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands) who signed the Treaty of Rome on 25 March 1957. The UK originally decided not to join this group but it became a member in 1973. There are now 27 EU member states (see table below). Croatia will also become a member state in 2013.

Antigua and Barbuda Australia The Bahamas
Bangladesh Barbados Belize
Botswana Brunei Darussalam Cameroon
Canada Cyprus Dominica
Fiji (currently suspended) The Gambia Ghana
Grenada Guyana India
Jamaica Kenya Kiribati
Lesotho Malawi Malaysia
Maldives Malta Mauritius
Mozambique Namibia Nauru
New Zealand Nigeria Pakistan
Papua New Guinea Rwanda Samoa
Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore
Solomon Islands South Africa Sri Lanka
Kitts and Nevis St Lucia St Vincent and the Grenadines
Swaziland Tanzania Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago Tuvalu Uganda
UK Vanuatu Zambia

EU law is legally binding in the UK and all the EU member states. European laws are called directives, regulations or framework decisions.

The Council of Europe

The Council of Europe is separate from the EU. It has 47 member countries, including the UK, and is responsible for the protection and promotion of human rights in those countries. It has no power to make laws but draws up conventions and charters, the most well-known of which is the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, usually called the European Convention on Human Rights.

Austria Belgium Bulgaria
Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark
Estonia Finland France
Germany Greece Hungary
Ireland Italy Latvia
Lithuania Luxembourg Malta
Netherlands Poland Portugal
Romania Slovakia Slovenia
Spain Sweden UK

The United Nations

The UK is part of the United Nations (UN), an international organization with more than 190 countries as members.

The UN was set up after the Second World War and aims to prevent war and promote international peace and security. There are 15 members on the UN Security Council, which recommends action when there are international crises and threats to peace. The UK is one of five permanent members of the Security Council.

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

The UK is also a member of NATO. NATO is a group of European and North American countries that have agreed to help each other if they come under attack. It also aims to maintain peace between all of its members.

Check that you understand

  • What the Commonwealth is and its role
  • Other international organisations of which the UK is a member

 Fonte – Dados dessa matéria foram retirados do livro  LIFE IN THE UNITED KINGDOM – A Guide for New Residents – 3rd Edition. Pages 137 – 139.

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LIFE IN THE UK

COMO ESTUDAR

Para acompanhar a sequência do material, basta olhar no final do título qual é o número entre parênteses. Esse vai lhe dizer qual é a posição do post e assim lhe indicar qual será o próximo a ser estudado.

 

The values and principles of the UK

This section covers the responsibilities and privileges of being a British citizen or permanent resident of the UK

What is the UK?

In this section you will learn about the countries which make up the UK.

A long and illustrious history

In this section you will learn about the historical events and people that have helped to shape the UK.

A modern, thriving society
The UK government, the law and your role

This section will tell you about the UK's democratic system of government and will help you understand your role in the wider community.

LEIA TAMBÉM…